Direct instructional model, known as direct instruction is a teaching model that focuses on mastering concepts and also change the behavior of a deductive approach. Here the role of the teacher is very important as a transmitter of information, so it's been a teacher should take advantage of existing facilities such as tape recorders, films, demonstrations, drawings and so on. The information presented can be knowledge of procedural and declarative knowledge in nature. Despite this drawback, namely learning models such as this can not be used at all times and can not be applied in all the learning objectives.
In the syntax of direct instructional model, there are seven steps where at each step there are stages in the delivery of material. For more details, refer to the following:
Delivering orientation lessons and learning objectives to students.
So at this stage the teachers convey some things to learn and also the expected performance of learners.
Conduct a review of knowledge and skills of pre-requisites.
Here the teacher will ask questions to determine the skills and knowledge students already mastered.
Delivering course material.
In this stage the teacher will deliver the materials and information as well as provide a variety of examples and so on
So the guidance is done by asking questions aimed at assessing the level of understanding of the students and try to correct the misconceptions that exist.
Provide opportunities for students to continue to practice.
Here teachers provide opportunities for students to continue to practice skills and use new information in groups or individually.
Assess the performance of each student and give him feedback.
In this stage the teacher will give a review of everything that has been done the student, then the teacher will provide feedback on the student's response correctly.
Provide independent practice.
So teachers can give assignments independently for the students in order to increase understanding of the material that has been submitted.
In addition, the direct instructional model can basically and very suitable to be applied if found in situations that allow them as follows:
- When teachers want to try to introduce new areas of learning.
- When teachers want to try to teach skills to students or teaching procedures that have a clear structure.
- When the students find difficulties can be overcome with a structured explanation.
- When the teacher wants to convey a particular technique before the students do practice activities.
- When the teacher wants the students interested in the topic.
So the direct instructional model should be applied when it is already found several conditions such as those described, so that the learning process and the delivery of content to students can be more effective.