Friday, August 10, 2012

Using Media In Teaching

Copyright laws also apply when posting movies, audio tracks, or other audiovisual media online for any type of course, be it face-to-face, fully online, broadcast, or a hybrid of these approaches. As with text, you need to obtain permission from the copyright owner before you post any audiovisual content online unless you can justify that your use of the media falls within the exceptions laid out by the Fair Use and TEACH Act clauses of copyright law.
To decide whether your use fits within these exceptions, you must consider the following:
The purpose and character of the use.
If your use of a given work is for nonprofit educational purposes, with access restricted to only your students, fair use is more likely to apply. However, this exception requires that the instructor and institution take reasonable measures to prevent media posted online from being downloaded.

The nature of the copyrighted work and the amount used
For multimedia, copyright law makes specific exceptions for showing the following in restricted-access educational settings:
  • Performances of nondramatic literary or musical works.
  • "Limited and reasonable portions" of any other type of work, such as feature films, recorded stage performances, TV shows, etc.
  • Media shown "in an amount comparable to that which is typically displayed in the course of a live classroom session."

The effect of the use on the potential market for the copyrighted work
Copyright law requires that you obtain permission to show multimedia produced specifically for educational markets. This includes content produced by textbook publishers or vendors of content for online education.

The Nature of the copy
You cannot display copies of multimedia that were not lawfully made. For example, if you have to bypass digital rights management restrictions on a DVD so that you can post a video clip online, you are violating copyright law.

Where the media was produced
Foreign-produced media, such as foreign films, are subject to the copyright protections of the country in which the media was produced.

The instructional legitimacy of the media
You must be able to show a clear instructional purpose for displaying the media in your course. Showing a movie that has no relevance to your instruction is not permitted in either an online or face-to-face class.

Obtaining Permission
If you decide that your use of a particular multimedia work does not fit within these exceptions, you need to request permission to use the work from the copyright owner. You may want to contact the university library for assistance in obtaining the license needed to show multimedia work in your class

Indonesian Flag History

Flag of the Republic of Indonesia, which are briefly referred to the Flag State, is the Red and White. State flag of the Red and White rectangular with width 2/3 (two-thirds) of the length and the top red and bottom white both halves of the same size.

HistoryRed and white colors taken from the state flag of the Kingdom of Majapahit. Actually not only the kingdom of Majapahit who wore red and white flag as a symbol of greatness. Before the Majapahit kingdom Kediri been wearing red and white pennants. In addition, the flag of war Sisingamangaraja IX of the Batak lands were wearing red and white as the color of the flag, white twin swords illustrated with bright red base and white. Red and white flag of war is Sisingamangaraja XII. Two swords symbolize the twin piso style of densely packed, heritage kings Sisingamangaraja I-XII. When there is war in Aceh, fighters - fighters in Aceh have used the flag of war in the form of banners in red and white, applied to the image on the back of the sword, crescent moon, sun, and stars as well as a few verses of the Quran. In an age of Bugis kingdom of Bone, South Sulawesi before Whitewater Palakka, the flag is a symbol of power and greatness of the kingdom Bone.Bendera Bone was known as Woromporang. At the time of the Java War (1825-1830 AD) Diponegoro wear the banner of red and white in its struggle against the Dutch. Later, the colors are turned back by the students and later the nationalists in the early 20th century as an expression of nationalism against the Dutch. Red and white flag is used for the first time in Java in 1928. Under colonial rule, the flag was banned from use. It was adopted as the national flag on August 17, 1945, when independence was declared and has been used since then as well.

Meaning of ColorThe flag of Indonesia has a philosophical meaning. Red means the bold, white means pure. Red symbolizes the human body, while white symbolizes the human soul. Both are complementary and perfect for Indonesia.In terms of history, from ancient days both red and white color implies a saint. The red color is similar to the color of brown sugar / brown sugar and white color similar to rice. Both of these materials is the main ingredient in the cuisines of Indonesia, especially in Java. When the victorious kingdom of Majapahit in the archipelago, the color of the banner used are red and white (white banners brother). Since the first red and white colors used by the Javanese ritual of salvation for the content of the baby after the age of four months in the womb in the form of slurry fed some red dye. Javanese people believe that pregnancy begins from the merging of the red element as a symbol of the mother, the blood that spilled when the baby is born, and white as a symbol of the father element, which is planted in the womb.

Red and White Flag Regulations.Flag is set according to the Constitution states in Article 35 of '45, Law No. 24/2009, and Government Regulation No.40/1958 on National Flag of the Republic of IndonesiaState flags are made of fabric and color does not fade with the provisions of sizesA. 200 cm x 300 cm for use in the field of the presidential palace;2. 120 cm x 180 cm for use in the public square;3. 100 cm x 150 cm for use in the room;4. 36 cm x 54 cm for use in the car of President and Vice President;5. 30 cm x 45 cm for use in the car of state officials;6. 20 cm x 30 cm for use in public transport;7. 100 cm x 150 cm for use in ships;8. 100 cm x 150 cm for use on the train;9. 30 cm x 45 cm for use in aircraft; and10. 10 cm x 15 cm for use in the table.Raising and / or installation of the State Flag made on the time between sunrise to sunset. In certain circumstances, can be done at night.

State flag shall be flown at each nation's Independence Day of Indonesia on August 17 by a citizen who controlled the right to use the home, or office buildings, educational units, public transport and private transport in the entire territory of the Republic of Indonesia and the representative office of Republic of Indonesia in foreignState flag shall be flown every day at:A. the palace of President and Vice President;2. office building or a state institution;3. office building or government agencies;4. office building or government agencies;5. office building or local government agencies;6. office building or local legislature;7. office building of the Republic of Indonesia or abroad;8. education unit of the building or yard;9. or private office buildings;10. home position of President and Vice President;11. home leadership positions of state institutions;12. the home office minister;13. home leadership positions of government agencies nonkementerian;14. home office of governor, district heads, mayors and district heads;15. building or other office or home office;16. border posts and the outer islands in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia;17. environment Indonesian National Army and Police of the Republic of Indonesia;18. garden tomb of national hero.

State flags as a lid or can be mounted on a bier or coffin bier of President or Vice President, former President or former Vice President, members of state agencies, ministers or ministerial-level officials, regional heads, members of regional parliaments, heads of diplomatic representatives, members of the Armed Forces of Indonesia, Indonesian National Police members who died in service, and / or Indonesian citizens who have contributed to the nation

State flags are flown on the National Independence of Indonesia on August 17, 1945 in East Road No. 56 Jakarta Pegangsaan called the Saka Heritage Flag Red and White. The Heritage flag Saka Red and White kept and maintained in Jakarta National Monument

Each person is prohibited from:
  1. damage, tearing, trampling, burning, or perform other actions with the intention of disfiguring, humiliating or degrading the honor of the Flag State;
  2. Flag of the State to use billboards or commercial advertising;
  3. flying the flag of the State are broken, torn, faded, wrinkled, or dull;
  4. print, embroidery, and write letters, numbers, images or other signs and put up a badge or any object on the Flag State; and
  5. wearing the flag State to the ceiling, roof, wrapping of goods, and goods that can lower lid Flag State honors.

Education System and Education Problematics in Indonesia

Indonesia is a country whose quality of education is still low when compared with other countries and even fellow ASEAN member countries...