Wednesday, July 18, 2012

10 Myths About Infants and Toddlers

Posted by Evariny A. and Translate by agoeslaw for English Shared (Babies for ages 0-2th)
This article was written based on the existing state of infants in Indonesia, but did not rule out some opinions and myths below are also found in infants in countries other than Indonesia. so this article is expected to be useful for new young mothers who have babies ... good read
1. Drying the baby in the MorningAssuming that the baby should be dried in the sun every morning is not entirely correct. Babies do need to dry in the morning to warm the body, but do not need every day. Also, do not stay long, just 10-15 minutes under eight in the morning. Especially if your baby is born yellow. Morning sunlight can break down bilirubin into a water-soluble compounds and will be issued as urine.
2. Milk Bottle SleepThat's just to ease your course. Bottle feeding in infants who wake at night makes you a more practical and the baby was soon asleep again. However, milk bottles can interfere with infant development. Because milk can gather deposits in the gums. In addition, the small to ear infections because they drink milk can get into the eustachian channel, the link between the back of the throat and the back of the ear. So, when should give the milk bottle, pick up the baby, lap to head higher than his body. After that let the baby sleep without the bottle.
3. Creating a Strong Cold Water BabiesAssumption baby bath with cold water to make baby is not really strong. Baby it vulnerable to cold temperatures. That's why parents are swaddling their babies after birth. Cold water can make the baby's body burning and metabolism increasing, so that food could be discharged in the body to regulate body temperature. Babies can easily run out of steam and eventually pain. Babies should be bathed with warm water. Lift before the baby was cold and keep the child in a warm state.
4. Baby fair slobberIt is reasonable, for infants up to age 4 years of active production of saliva. However, if the baby is drooling excessively, the possibility of inflammation or infection in the oral cavity. Saliva is also a sign of teething. So, not a result of unfulfilled cravings.
5. May Baby BedwettingUntil the age of two years, it is only natural when still wet. Because urine controls were not functioning perfectly. However, teaching babies pee earlier the better, so that at age two he was able to control annual bladder. When up on the 2 yearly is still wet, beware of the possibility of psychological or biological issues.
6. Should Spit After Eating
Spit or draining food or drink after he eats or feeding, carried the baby when he stuffed or if a lot of entrained air in while he was eating or feeding. Spit up can also occur when a baby octopus is too tight or binding her body, one position the child at meal times, such as eating with the supine position. If he did not have it, baby do not always spit up.
7. Babies should be heldHolding a baby is a family habit Indonesia. It makes the baby calm, but did not make a baby train his emotions.When the neck muscles strong start, he could control his head well, you should ask him to play with a baby raised up high, swinging, etc.. The way to train the child to control his emotions.
8. Baby smoother is FairMany regard it as such. It is natural to do children under the age of two years. Above that age, children are addicted ngempeng, including ngempeng with his thumb, could be a sign of child psychological disorders. For example, children feel insecure, fear, lack of attention, not confident, and so on. If the child is so, switch to another activity.
9. Healthy Kids are always SweatingExcessive sweat that comes out does not bode well. But the sign of certain disorders, such as stress, excessive thyroid function, low blood sugar, excess body weight. So children should be wary if excessive sweating.

10. Must be Given Vitamin childrenWhen eating a good boy, did not need extra vitamins. If you want to continue giving children vitamin, given as needed, because the vitamin is very useful when children need it. Such as, vitamins to increase appetite, to increase the iron and so on.

Overcoming Burnout in Teaching and Learning

Education plays a very important to ensure the survival of a country and nation. This is because education is a vehicle to improve and develop quality human resources, and in order to achieve these goals, it takes great effort of the society and government.

Implementation of educational programs can not be separated from the Teaching and Learning (PBM). The success of the learning process (PBM) itself is influenced by many-aspects, such as teaching methods, facilities and infrastructure, learning materials, and curriculum. From various aspects, which play an important role in the PBM is the teacher.

Complete any infrastructure owned, if not supported by the competence of teachers to the field of study is taught, the teaching and learning activities will not succeed. In teaching or teaching-learning process of teachers holding the role as director and actor. That is, the duties and responsibilities was Master plan and implement instruction in schools. Teachers as professionals need to have some ability to apply the theory learned in the field of teaching and implementing effective teaching methods and efficient, the ability to engage students actively participated and, the ability to create a learning environment can support the achievement of educational goals.

Saturation in teaching and learning often occurs in because of the learning process is very monotonous in the classroom. Not only students who get bored in the learning process is sometimes also saturated teacher and not the spirit in delivering lessons to be taught. To overcome this problem there are several methods to try when the implementation of learning outside the classroom such as the IPA Subjects.

The material on science subjects in Chapter Environmental Change Since konsisi Nature, the students tried to examine how the abrasion occurred on the beach. Learning this class is researching the process of abrasion on the beach during the implementation of learning is lost because of saturation are not monotonic in the classroom.

Tips for Saturation when Learning

Tips to saturation when studyingSchedule of lectures and various activities on campus to make you bored? Maybe it's something that's natural, because the routine name, whatever it could potentially make you bored.
It is quite difficult if you try hard to restore your mood, whether it's the mood to study or just make you a bit relaxed. Too focused on learning to make you dizzy, did the opposite.
Actually there are ways that you can keep the concentration of study without losing the mood. For that, consider the tips that was quoted College Blender, Friday (09/23/2011):
listening to music.Listening to music while you do your job or just studying for a quiz the next day can help to calm the mind and keep your good mood. Pick your favorite music, do not choose a better flow of loud music. Remember, you are learning, instead of being relaxed or middle dirudung turmoil.
Library.Not because the library is devoted to study alone, but you can get peace there. Choose a vantage point that would be easy for you to take a book. The atmosphere of the library are believed to enhance your learning mood.
Learn early and regularly.Learn early that means you have to learn the material first before classes begin. The advantage, you can ask the teacher, what makes you confused. In addition, you can understand things more quickly than others, thus, such a challenge was a quiz or exam semseter the hell over.
Select friends to learn.Believe it or not, learn mood often influenced friends loh. For that, you should be able to choose your friends to support your learning activities. Choose a discussion which would be fun to, friendly, and critical of the material. You see, sometimes a friend of her high GPA is not necessarily easy to be a discussion.
Have fun in learning.Think of it as a lecture or learning a fun experience, usually when boredom struck the lecturer or the course material is not interesting for you. For that, you need memotivasai you to stay interested in what you had. Just have fun with the course material that may bore you with how to create a quiz with friends after class, or think your professor is conducting a performance dialogue with college material

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

How To Deal With Noisy Class

Here are four  useful strategies to help deal with the class that just won’t settle:
1.      Allow some cooling off time of a few minutes after transitions and breaks to allow them to settle.
Use this time to chat to individuals and small groups, settle them, deal with any problems and establish a calm, relaxed atmosphere.

2.      Teach ROUTINES to the students,
Routines are the perfect way to develop consistency in the classroom – they give your students a clear roadmap to follow and reduce confusion as well as excuses for misbehavior. An example of a routine at the start of the lesson is the countdown technique. Mix this with with lots of proximity praise and there is a chance students will develop a habit of quietening down when you ask them… “5; OK it’s time to stop and look this way. Excellent, very quick on that table. 4; pens should be down, books and mouths should be closed, very good you two, you’re listening to me. 3; still too much noise over here, that side of the room are perfect. 2; Just waiting for the last few people now, all conversations should be stopped, hands on the desk in front of you. Well done, you’ve got it. 1; thank you.

3.     Have a visual reminder of noise levels such as coloured cards/traffic lights or a ‘noise level meter’.
When green is up the noise level in the room is fine. Orange – warning, level is too high and needs to drop immediately. If it doesn’t drop after an agreed time, red card goes up. Red. Stop the activity, take a minute off break and insist on silent working for 5 minutes.

4.      Take control at the door – don’t let them in the room until they’re quiet
The lesson actually starts outside the room – if students are uncontrollable outside the door there is no point in letting them in – the behavior standard has already been set.Spend time speaking to students in the corridor in a friendly calm manner – set the tone for the lesson. Shouting and giving orders breeds a desire to retaliate. When you are ready, tell them to line up quietly, those that do so can go straight in the room and get on with a starter activity. The others either didn’t hear you or are choosing not to. Either way, they need a little more calm persuasion. This is the time to iron out problems they may have, settle disagreements etc. – not inside the room. If possible, please share . I would be incredibly grateful for any help you can give spreading the word.

How To Make Portofolio for Students

Portfolios can be used as an authentic assessment tool in the classroom, or as a method to showcase your professional accomplishments. This collection of articles and resources will help your students build portfolios to demonstrate what they've learned so that you can monitor their progress with fewer tests. There are also resources for collecting your professional accomplishments to provide potential employers with an example of your work.

Student portfolios are a way to monitor student progress and show growth over a period of time while maintaining documentation for what students are learning. Creating a portfolio enables parents to see their children's work quickly during parent conferences and the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center states "through the portfolio process, students develop the self-awareness, goal-setting, and decision-making skills essential for lifelong self-determination." 
  1. Get a binder and dividers. Put the dividers in the binder and use them to separate the different areas within the portfolio.
  2. Determine how many sections the portfolio will contain. Decide if the portfolio will have a section for each subject area or a few subject areas. PreKinders also suggests things such as "photographs, art and stories."
  3. Label the areas of the portfolio. Use the divider labels to write the different name of the subject areas then insert the labels into the part of the divider that holds the labels.
  4. Insert student work in the appropriate section. For example, if it's a writing sample, insert it in the writing section of the portfolio. Punch holes in the work sample if the paper doesn't already have holes in it or to avoid punching holes in the work sample, put the work in clear sheet protectors and then insert the work into the portfolio.

Ramadhan Market in Samarinda