Monday, September 3, 2018

Typical Kalimantan Musical Instruments

Changes in time from time to time cannot be denied indeed increasingly advanced and developing. The digital age "forces" us to glance at sophisticated gadgets and tools (tools) because it offers practicality in productivity with any purpose because it's easy, including musical instruments. Actually there is nothing wrong with all of that, but it would be nice if a traditional musical instrument that Indonesia has not to lose is consumed by the current era but must be preserved. Like this typical Kalimantan musical instrument, what is important to be known and also learned by the young generation of the nation. Do not just stay by name or even disappear altogether because it is only a legacy of "inheritance" without anyone learning or playing it again.

Typical Kalimantan musical instruments certainly become one of our pride of the Indonesian people, because it is part of history as well as the heritage of the ancestors. If we don't want our country's traditional tools to be taken by other countries, we must always look after them. Besides that, the form of our love for the motherland is one of them by knowing, keeping also learning everything that exists. Traditional musical instruments are even more beautiful when compared to modern / digital musical instruments. Moreover, we can combine with sounds produced by modern instruments. Surely the results will be much more beautiful, because it is a blend of harmonization of modern and traditional music.

Typical Kalimantan Musical Instruments
Here are 5 typical Kalimantan musical instruments that can be used as innovations to be combined with modern musical instruments that you can.

1. Kintung
This Kintung musical instrument is from South Kalimantan. The shape is almost similar to angklung and how to ring it by being hit. To adjust the sound of this kintung depends on the sharpness of each kintung. The higher the sharpener is made, the higher the sound of this instrument. But the handle for the handle becomes shorter. The handle usually uses two sections as a benchmark. The segment in the middle inside the two segments is cleaned and discarded to produce a beautiful sound. If we are creative, maybe we can try it at home.

2. Bumbung
This typical Kalimantan musical instrument is still based on the same material, bamboo. This type of musical instrument is often found in the Berikin village precisely in the Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency. The starch is glutinous rice that has been burned and is in the bamboo. That was the beginning of the process of naming a musical instrument in a bumbung. To produce sound, it uses two bamboo segments. This type of musical instrument can be changed so that it can produce 7 basic notes from a song.

3. Kalampat
Kalampat looks very similar to a drum. The way to play it is the same way by being hit, but the kalampat is hit with a bamboo stick. Material for making it uses large bamboo. It is used for a drum body that requires a diameter that must be large. Kalampat is usually played during bawanang, babalian ceremonies and medical ceremonies which contain mystical elements. It is only played to accompany certain events.

4. Panting
Typical Kalimantan musical instruments that are played by picking. The shape of a kind of Arabic gambus is important, but the size is smaller. Panting comes from the Banjar community, namely the people in South Kalimantan. This type of musical instrument is now very rarely found, the group that usually carries is already rare. A. Sarbaini is a person who is so famous as a great player.

5. Sampek / Sape '
Well, here it is a musical instrument that I refer to as one of the most popular musical instruments in Kalimantan. This one musical instrument is from East Kalimantan Province (sorry if wrong). How to play it is almost the same as painting, that is by picking. The material for making sampek is wood. Kalimantan produces a lot of good wood, so it's not surprising that the sapek produced will be good too. For sampek material, many use adau wood, marang wood, meranti wood and pelantan wood or the like.

Many of these musical instruments are owned by Kalimantan. What are you curious about? Or want to make it yourself? Whatever it is if our goal is to preserve traditional tools, I think that is more than enough as proof of our service and offerings for the homeland of Indonesia.

Sunday, August 12, 2018

Ministry of Education and Culture Establishes Post-Earthquake Emergency Class in Lombok

Educational News From Lombok After The Earthquake

The Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) lowered the team to check the condition of schools affected by a 6.4 on the Richter scale earthquake (SR) on the island of Lombok on Sunday morning (07/29/2018). Through the Education Quality Assurance Institute (LPMP) and the Center for Early Childhood Education (PAUD and Dikmas) for the Province of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), the team continues to ensure that learning can take place using emergency facilities. 1. Emergency classrooms "We prepare tents to become classrooms and school supplies so that learning can run. And for damaged schools, rehabilitation or revitalization will be carried out immediately by building a new school building," Minister of Education and Culture (Mendikbud) Muhadjir Effendy said. in Sumbawa Besar, NTB, Monday (07/30/2018). Reporting from the Ministry of Education and Culture's website, Muhadjir added, do not let the damage disrupt the learning process of students. For this reason the Minister of Education and Culture invited educational units to be able to carry out the solidarity movement to ease the burden on the victims.

From the LPMP team's report, schools affected by the earthquake as of 30 July 2018 were found in Belanting and Obel-obel villages, Sambelia District, East Lombok. Roof of Public Elementary School (SDN) 1 Obel-obel was badly damaged. While most of the classrooms of SDN 3 Obel-obel collapsed. 2. There were no victims from SDN 5 Blanting students after being damaged in the form of roofs and walls collapsing. Sambelia 2 Junior High School (SMPN) 2, was damaged in the form of a collapsed roof, then a part of the fence and wall collapsed. Meanwhile, it was also reported by the NTB provincial team, the condition of the Giat Dusun Medas school, Baitussahid, Al Islah, Obel-obel village, which suffered moderate damage with cracked walls and collapsed roofs. Until now there have been no reported casualties or injuries from education actors in the earthquake affected area. "We get temporary information from LPMP and BP PAUD Dikmas NTB province. Later we will convey the progress of handling," said Director General of Primary and Secondary Education (Dirjen Dikdasmen) Hamid Muhammad. Currently the Kemendikbud team, from LPMP and BP PAUD Dikmas, and the PKLK Directorate (Special Education and Special Services) are working with the local education office to ensure that post-earthquake handling can work well, he added.

Translated from Original Article
This article has been published on Kompas.com under the title "Ministry of Education and Culture Establishes Post-Earthquake Emergency Class in Lombok", https://lifestyle.kompas.com/read/2018/07/30/14511541/kemendikbud-dirikan-kelas-darurat-pascagempa-lombok .
Author: Yohanes Enggar Harususilo

Saturday, August 11, 2018

A Brief History of the Indonesian Nation Before Until Independence

As a good Indonesian citizen, it is fitting to know Indonesia's brief history. Based on existing history, Indonesia is a region inhabited by various types of ancient humans. Some ancient humans known to exist in Indonesia are Homo floresiensis and Pithecanthropus erectus. After the prehistoric period, the history of Indonesia can be seen from the records from China which contain information that the most powerful maritime kingdom in the past was the Kingdom of Srivijaya.

The kingdom that became the center in studying Buddhism has power in the Malacca Strait to the Sumatran sea since the 7th to 13th centuries. The Syailendra Dynasty from the Mataram Kingdom is known to have built Borobudur Temple located in Central Java. Borobudur Temple is known for its Buddhist architecture. Then followed by the construction of the Prambanan Temple by Raja Rakai Pikatan who was a descendant of Sanjaya. The Prambanan Temple was built in Hindu style.

Brief History of Indonesia to Freedom:
The next brief history of Indonesia was during the Majapahit Kingdom which succeeded in mastering the archipelago in 1294. Then, the religion of Islam began to enter and develop through trade activities. Until now, Islam is the religion of the majority of Indonesian people. Until now, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism developed in the homeland and influenced society in terms of culture and way of life. History continued when Marco Polo, a European national, first set foot on Sumatra.

The Spaniards and Portuguese were known to have mastered the islands known to have a great deal of spice. In 1596 the first time a Dutch ship docked in the sea of ​​West Java and began to stick its hagemonies. For more than 3 centuries, the Dutch colonized islands in the homeland until finally a government called the Dutch East Indies stood. Since then, there has been a rebellion by the Indonesian people to fight the invaders.

A brief history of the founding of the Indonesian nation also noted that Japan had invaded the Indonesian archipelago. After the "Great East Asia War", where the United States declared it would fight Japan on December 8, 1941 at the United States Defense Center named "Pearl Harbor". Furthermore, the Dutch East Indies government also joined the allies to declare war with the Japanese State. At first, Japan came to Indonesia to paralyze Dutch troops. Then Japan controlled various regions in Indonesia. Japan's territory became increasingly fierce when they succeeded in conquering Batavia (now Jakarta) on March 5, 1942. The Dutch, who were increasingly pressured by the Japanese attack, finally "surrendered unconditionally". Initially, Indonesian people responded well to the arrival of the Japanese military. This can be seen from the cooperative attitude of national figures such as Ir. Soekarno and also Moh Hatta.

At the beginning of a brief history of the birth of the Indonesian nation, the Japanese Government was seen as actively giving goodness to the people of Indonesia by forming various community organizations. Even though behind this kindness, Japan has an interest in Indonesia. Some organizations known to be made by the Japanese government are the People's Power Center (PUTERA), the Three A Movement, Seinendan, Jawa Hokokai, Fujinkai, Keibodan, MIAI, Heiho, and the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Business Investigation Agency (BPUPKI) which was formed in the Prime Minister's government Tojo in 1943.

BPUPKI was then dissolved and replaced with PPKI or Dokuritsu Junbi Inkai. PPKI is not an organization formed by Japan, but a committee that is formed based on the agreement and also the struggle of national stores that play a role in independence. Japan's defeat against America made this country increasingly cornered. Seeing this, the young generation of Indonesia took advantage of this opportunity to proclaim its independence on August 17, 1945. Thus a brief history of Indonesia, hopefully useful for you.

Friday, July 20, 2018

Education System and Education Problematics in Indonesia

Indonesia is a country whose quality of education is still low when compared with other countries and even fellow ASEAN member countries also the quality of human resources of Indonesia into the lowest rank. This happens because education in Indonesia has not been able to function optimally. Therefore, education in Indonesia must be improved immediately in order to be able to give birth to a generation that has advantages in various fields so that the Indonesian people can compete with other nations and not to be left behind because of the fast-moving global currents.
To improve education in Indonesia requires an education system that is responsive to changes and demands of the times. The improvements were made from basic education, secondary education and higher education. Therefore, the Indonesian nation must use the education system and policy pattern in accordance with the state of Indonesia.
 The future of a nation depends on the quality of its human resources and the ability of its learners to master science and technology. It can be realized through education in the family, community education and school education.

Currently the school education must be accepted by all Indonesian people, because with education we can follow the global flow and can catch up with us from other nations. But in reality today there are still many people who have not been able to go to school because of economic factors. However, in this global era, it should not happen because it will hamper the development of human resources and the nation at large. Therefore, the Indonesian government should adopt a policy that can solve the problem.

 Education System adopted in Indonesia
     Indonesia now embraces the national education system. However, the national education system still can not be implemented properly. There are several systems in Indonesia that have been implemented, including:

  • Value-oriented Indonesian Education System. This education system has been implemented since elementary school. Here learners are given the teachings of honesty, consideration, discipline, etc. This value is conveyed through Pkn lessons, even this value is also delivered at the level of secondary education and higher education.
  • Indonesia adopts an open education system. According to this educational system, learners are required to compete with friends, think creatively and innovatively
  • Educational systems are diverse. In Indonesia consists of various tribes, languages, regions, cultures, etc. And education of Indonesia consisting of formal education, non-formal and informal.
  • An efficient education system in time management. In the KBM, time is set in such a way that learners do not feel burdened with the subject matter delivered because the time is too short or vice versa.
  • Educational system adapted to changing times. In this system, the Indonesian nation must adapt the curriculum to its current state. Therefore, curriculum in Indonesia often experience change / change from time to time, until now Indonesia use curriculum KTSP.

Problems in Education
The problems facing the Indonesian nation in education include three principal proble, namely:

  • Equity Education, Currently the Indonesian nation is still experiencing in the field of educational equity. This is because education in Indonesia can only be felt by middle to upper class. In order for education in Indonesia is not getting worse, then the government must take the right policy. For example, a 9-year compulsory education policy. This policy is implemented from elementary to junior high school. The government makes policy by leveling educators in each region.
  • Cost of Education, Indonesia's economic situation is also worsening the impact on education in Indonesia. There are so many children who can not afford education because of the high cost of education. Therefore, in order for the Indonesian people not to be retarded, the Government started to issue BOS funds, which were given to students in elementary and junior high schools. This is done by freeing the tuition fee or creating a free-school policy for basic education. With the policy, it is expected that all education can be felt in all circles of Indonesian society.
  • Education Quality, In addition to these two problems, the most fundamental issue is the quality of education. Because now our education is still far behind when compared with other countries. This is evidenced by the number of teaching staff who teach but not in accordance with the field. In addition, the level of honesty and discipline of students is still low. For example: with the frauds conducted during the National Examination of students tend to choose to get an answer instantly, for example by buying answers about the UN. Therefore, the quality of education should be improved, then the government makes a policy in the form of improving the quality of educators. What is done by re-evaluating educators to fit the conditions to become educators. In addition, the government should improve facilities and infrastructure, such as improving building facilities, reproduce books, etc.

Education is very important for a nation. Without education, the nation will be left behind from other nations. As well as the Indonesian people, education is one of the efforts needed to catch up from other nations, especially ASEAN nations. So education of Indonesia must be improved, both in terms of education system and infrastructure.

Indonesia consists of basic education, secondary education, and higher education. Currently the government is starting to improve the quality of education in Indonesia by making various policies and changing the system. Education Indonesia currently uses a national system that includes open systems, value-oriented systems, diverse educational systems, education systems adapted to changing times and an effective and efficient education system. To run the system, the government issued a 9-year compulsory education system aimed at elementary and junior high school students, free-school. Curriculum changes from time to time tailored to the current state of education, improving facilities, evaluating the performance of educators etc. With the efforts of education in Indonesia can be better so that the Indonesian nation can balance other countries, especially ASEAN countries.

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

The Differences of Ingenuity and Intelligence You Should Know

Sometimes we are specifically difficult to distinguish intelligence and intelligence possessed by humans. The results of the study of psychology expert stated that the ingenuity and intelligence that is a different matter. Where is the difference?

Here we will review the Ingenuity and intelligence Differences You Should Know.

Intelligence (Smart Peoples)

Intelligence is your ability to absorb information. When you can read and take knowledge of books or issues that you absorb, you are smart enough.

However, the ingenuity stop there. The scholar has a lot of knowledge, but sometimes hinders it in decision-making, the reason is that a lot of knowledge shows a lot of information.

Intelligence has limits, ie values, which are more closely related to the academic sphere, resembling if a high GPA means scholars, if a low GPA is stupid. Well, that's the limit of intelligence.

Ingenuity (Intelligence)

Ingenuity is the ability to manage intelligence. Successful people are sometimes people who are not very intellectual, but can manage smart people. Ingenuity makes you know who a scholar is suited to doing certain kinds of work. Ingenuity allows you to take advantage of a combination of intelligence.

Ingenuity does not just mean high IQ. But the meaning of Ingenuity includes several dimensions called Multiple Intellegences, which must be developed since toddlers, either through the process of education, the process of learning or other stimulation.

Originally the concept of Ingenuity has a meaning, as the ability to capture the gres situation and the ability to learn from one's past experiences, and this is supported by research that with high IQ test results, it will be academically successful. From here it was concluded that the IQ test only measures academic talent, while true Ingenuity includes a vastly broader range of skills.

The measure that states that intelligence only means high IQ, has been proven to be imperfect, with the emergence of emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence and so on, so that we become intelligent, without being limited by certain categories of intelligence itself. We can be smart according to our own dreams.

What is the concrete pattern of difference of intellectuals and intelligent people in everyday life?

According to Julio Kido resembles that launched from Kompasiana, Smart is doing something in a regular and neat way in accordance with the rules that apply without adding or reducing resembling memorize in accordance with what must be memorized. Being smart doing something without rules sometimes adds creative ideas and more improvisation.

Here's the pattern of intellectuals and intelligent people:

First, If the Smart person before departing already preparing scoop as his equipment. But if the Intelligent only carries the equipments, Soon the Smart person will bathe with his scoop while the intelligent people look for plastic bottles and then split up to behave like a scoop or maybe use coconut shells or other tools that can be used to replace scoops.

Second, Smart People will prepare Hanger before leaving, Smart People always improvise. After arriving and want to change clothes Smart People will use the Hanger he brought while the Smart will look for the branches of the tree and look for the rope and then the branch in the middle tied with a rope and hung on the tree so that its function will be the same as hanger.

Thursday, June 28, 2018

It's Still Fun, Vacation While Learning or Learning During Vacation

The definition of vacation is synonymous with no school. And, the holidays are also identical with the trip. This simple mindset most often settles on the child's head. No wonder if the baby indirectly expect parents to plan the most memorable vacation.

As a parent, of course difficult to avoid request baby. Moreover unfortunately also let them fill the holiday without any meaningful activity. Well, here is the need to rack my brain how to fill the holiday with creative and educative way. And no less important remains fun.

A creative and educative holiday. Yes, that's two things to emphasize. Moreover, sharpening creativity and educating children should not only be done in school, but also anywhere and anytime. Included in the holidays.

Maybe as an example is to invite children closer to nature. This kind of holiday concept has long been applied artist Ine Febriyanti. "I like to invite children close to nature when it fits the holidays," he said, Saturday (03/06/2012).

Practically, Ine invites his three children to camp in the open in Sukabumi, West Java. Or take a road trip with a vehicle and stop in the areas that provide beautiful natural scenery. "I like children close to nature and that's why I encourage them to go to school in Ciganjur," explained the mother of three children.

So even with the Diva Pop Titi DJ. "Normally, I'd rather take them on a vacation to a place where kids get closer to nature, let's say take them to Bird Park and Elephant Safari so they know the birds," explained the mother of four.

Could be, Ine and Titi DJ want his baby not only interact with gadgets, computers, let alone TV. Promotional marks of the times can isolate children from the joy of exploring nature. Not to mention the activities of teaching and learning in school sometimes also restrict children associate with nature.

This is what concerns Richard Louv. In his book Last Child in The Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder, Richard writes how the lives of children who are far from nature will harm physical health, mental, and inhibit creativity. This condition is called Nature Deficit Disorder aka nature deficit disorder.

This situation also arrested a number of travel agents. They offer many school holiday package packages with educational tour themes. If there is no plan out of town, can listen to the offer of Dolphin Ecotourism who designed tour packages Hawthorn Turtle Conservation Program semi-natural and natural in the Thousand Islands National Park (TNKpS).

One of the activities is to see directly and touched the turtle (tukik). It can also release turtles. Release done in the morning or before sunset with a clean beach condition from the garbage.

As for those planning out of town, can observe the tour package from Lombok Network Holidays which offers Rinjani Trek five days and four nights via Sembalun. This tour package presents the experience of climbing Mount Rinjani.

Translated From Original Article @ Tribunnews /2012/06/03
This article has been aired on Tribunnews.com under the title Holiday Vacation Learned? Keep It Fun Lho, http://www.tribunnews.com/lifestyle/2012/06/03/liburan-sambil-belajar-ten-the-beautiful-lho.

Editor: Anita K Wardhani

Learning and Vacation

Who does not like the holidays. Although it only has a short time, this activity can teach many things to your toddler. What things can he learn?

a. Planning & Decision Making
When making a vacation plan to decide which destinations to choose, there's nothing wrong to invite children to get involved so he learned to plan and choose something.

b. Geography
Who says New Geography can be learned in junior high school? When selecting the city or country you want to visit, show the location of the city or country with the help of a map or globe. Can also be explained how long the journey will be taken if using a car, train or airplane.

c. Finance
When choosing the exact type of transportation and accommodation you will choose the appropriate budget. From here children learn about finance. Teach that there is a limit on the amount of money and tell the consequences. For example, if you choose a cheaper hotel, then vacation time can be longer, or eat more delicious.

d. Socialize
Whether on the trip or when arriving at a holiday destination, there will be many people with different shapes, looks and traits to be encountered by him. This is the best time to teach children to socialize, interact with strangers and learn to respect differences. However, do not let you neglect the safety factor. Keep a look at the child when your family is in a crowded place.

e. Patience & Ethics
Density of recreation when the holiday season makes you and your child must be willing to queue up. This is the opportunity to teach him about the ethics of orderly queuing up and patiently waiting for his turn.

f. Sharing
Less valid if traveling without bringing souvenirs for friends and relatives at home. By buying gifts for grandparents, nannies, and friends, children learn to care and share with others.

g. Culture, History & Nature
In the area where the child is on vacation, you can introduce it to the history, the natural richness and the local culture. Invite him to visit a local museum, a traditional market that sells things on Monday, watching dance performances and playing to the beach or mountains.

h. Culinary
It's time to train your taste buds and smell your toddler with a variety of local culinary specialties. Different textures, colors, aromas and different food flavors become the best 'guru' mouth and tongue.

Typical Kalimantan Musical Instruments

Changes in time from time to time cannot be denied indeed increasingly advanced and developing. The digital age "forces" us to g...