Monday, October 17, 2011

Latest Situation in Papua

Inequality in Papua 
Wednesday, October 12, 2011 | 12:58

Papua's stained again with blood. This time in Gorong-gorong's Terminal, Timika, Papua. One person was confirmed dead and dozens others were injured in clashes between security forces and protesters which consists of Freeport workers and local communities.


Until now holds the potential fixed Papua konfilk that could explode at any time, as happened in the sewers and all that caused the various imbalances that occur there.


Information from Papua Police said protesters were disappointed because they can not meet directly with leaders of Freeport to convey the aspirations of a sudden burning vehicles owned by mining companies from the United States. Uncontrollable circumstances cause the officer to take action and ultimately a clash. The protesters really want to convey dissatisfaction related welfare received.


We see at least three gaps that occur on earth Paradise. First, the imbalance that occurs within multinational corporations companies, such as in Freeport. It is not possible a similar imbalance also occurs in other international companies operating in Papua. Imbalances in the company and facilities normally associated wages received. Workers foreigners typically receive wages far more than local workers, despite being in the same position. Moreover, companies like Freeport that are foreign owned.


Related to that, we just remind that every worker must be paid at least equal to the provincial minimum wage (UMP). Department of Labor should help resolve the question of local well-being of workers because of cases like this have repeatedly occurred.


When the amount of UMP have been fulfilled, even far above the UMP, but still appear discontent, police officers should cooperate with local traditional leaders and academics to investigate the root of the problem that triggered riots in Terminal Culverts are not only involves workers, but also the surrounding community.


Demonstration of protracted labor will certainly disrupt the company and production targets. This issue must be resolved so that Freeport can still operate as usual and people returned to their daily activities. If not resolved soon, we fear the seeds of separatism in Papua, which until now has not been completely eradicated it grow by leveraging the company's internal conflicts for the sake of the struggle of a handful of people of Papua. They could have been "playing" with discrediting the security forces, the Government of Indonesia, and Freeport, to spark the antipathy of the people of Papua. When that happens, the apparatus need not hesitate to take stern action against anyone who attempt to revive separatism in Papua.

Second, the inequality between the people and local elites. We believe the people who joined the workers rallied during this time yet to enjoy the fruits of a special autonomy was implemented since 2001. Since the special autonomy goes, funding from central government through the general allocation fund (DAU), a special allocation fund (DAK), the special autonomy funds, as well as additional funding of infrastructure, continued to increase. Total special autonomy funds have been disbursed since 2002 to 2011 reached Rp 32 trillion.


Unfortunately, most of the funds actually enjoyed by government officials and local elites. They can live in luxury, on the contrary the people remain miserable. Local government officials are even more often located in Jakarta, rather than serve the people. Not surprisingly, education and health services, and infrastructure development there are still far from satisfactory.


Third, the discrepancy between Papua and other provinces in Indonesia. In terms of natural resources, Papua is certainly much richer than the provinces in Java, but the percentage of poor people of Papua are so much more. In 2009, the poor in Papua reached 37.53 percent and 35.71 percent of West Papua, while the national average of 14.15 percent. In 2010, the poor in Papua reached 36.80 percent and 34.88 percent of West Papua, while the national average of 13.32 percent.


In education, the participation rate of school children aged 7 years to 18 years in Papua, only 65.76 percent, while the national rate reached 79.53 percent. Likewise, the health care field that is still minimal, among others, reflected in infant mortality in Papua, which reached 30.84 percent and 31.76 percent of West Papua, whereas at the national level was recorded 26.89 per cent.


All it proves is still relatively lagging behind compared Papua other provinces in Indonesia. To that end, the central government should give more attention to development in Papua. The policy of special autonomy should be maintained to accelerate development in Papua, but must be accompanied by strict supervision so that the funds disbursed are used for real people, not for the officials and the local political elite.


Source : Suara Pembaruan (October,12 2011)

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